The parish, lying in the debateable land, is large and extends some 10 miles from the northern shores of the Solway Firth and the Border Esk river in a north-easterly direction. The parish crosses the Esk and then marches with our associated parish of Nicholforest. To the north the boundary is marked by the River Sark, the Scotch March, the Esk and the River Liddell. As the river divides the parish, the Kirkandrews moat end can only be reached by car via Longtown or by travelling over the border via Canonbie and returning via the parish of Nicholforest. The A7 main road runs through the parish as did the North British Waverly Line.
The population is scattered, the westerly end nearer Longtown and Gretna has no main centre of population other than houses that were originally the military Ammunition depot (approx 60). The main centre of population is at the easterly end across the river at the moat, a hamlet, where there is a village hall. Otherwise it is rural farmland with farmsteadings. Commercially there are two Hotels with restaurants, a Market Garden and Florists with a shop, a very large and successful livestock market, agricultural engineers, tube and pipe suppliers, hauliers, moss peat works, garages, farm suppliers,
electricians, caravan park, fishing lake and others. As it is a rural parish, fishing and shooting are of great interest as pastimes.